Brass Instruments


The trumpet is the smallest and highest sounding member of the brass family. It is played by blowing air directly into the mouthpiece of the instrument. It contains three valves which are used to alter the pitch (sound) of the instrument. The standard orchestral trumpet is the Bb (B flat) trumpet. The cornet is quite similar to the trumpet, but has a more piercing tone.


The trombone is lower in pitch (sound) than a trumpet and is different to the rest of its family as the pitch of the instrument is altered by a slide rather than valves. The instrument is played by blowing air directly into the mouthpiece. The trombone is a standard orchestral instrument and is also a common jazz band instrument, like the trumpet.

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